By Jens Rieckmann
Stefan George (1868-1933) is in addition to Hugo von Hofmannsthal and Rainer Maria Rilke one of many pre-eminent German poets of the 20 th century. He additionally had an incredible, albeit arguable and provocative function in German cultural heritage. it really is regularly agreed that he performed an important half within the transition of German literature to Modernism, rather in poetry. while he was once an outspoken critic of modernity. He believed that simply an all-encompassing cultural renewal may store smooth guy. even if George is usually associated with the l'art pour l'art stream, and even supposing his inventive attention used to be shaped by way of eu aestheticism, his poetry and the writings that emerged from the poets and intellectuals he collected round him within the George Circle are especially a scathing remark at the political, social, and cultural scenario in Germany on the flip of the century. George, who used to be imbued with the belief of the poet as a prophet and priest, observed himself because the Messiah of a brand new Hellenism and a brand new Reich led by means of an highbrow and aesthetic elite which includes males who have been bonded jointly via their allegiance to a charismatic chief. a number of the values that George proclaimed, between them a glorification of strength, of heroism and self-sacrifice, have been seized upon through the nationwide Socialists, and for that reason his writings and people of his circle have been thought of by way of a few to be proto-fascist. It didn't aid his acceptance that when the second one international warfare a lot of the feedback of his works was once practiced by means of uncritical, hagiographic George worshippers.
In fresh years, even if, there was a renewed and independent curiosity between students and critics in George and his circle. The wide-ranging and unique essays during this quantity discover anew George's poetry and his contribution to Modernism, the relation among his imaginative and prescient of a brand new Reich and fascist ideology, and his significance as a cultural critic.
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Extra resources for A Companion to the Works of Stefan George
A later poem in Das Jahr der Seele revisits these questions about language, privacy, and exclusion — invoking a familiar landscape of “fabelwesen” at home “in einem seltnen reiche ernst und einsam,” serenaded by “des tempels saitenspiel und heilge zunge” — but now with a crucial selfreflective distance, even doubt: Des sehers wort ist wenigen gemeinsam: Schon als die ersten kühnen wünsche kamen In einem seltnen reiche ernst und einsam Erfand er für die dinge eigne namen — hier erdonnerten von ungeheuern Befehlen oder lispelten wie bitten и DIE wie Paktolen in rubinenfeuern Und bald wie linde frühlingsbäche glitten и DIE An deren kraft und klang er sich ergezte и Sie waren wenn er sich im höchsten schwunge Der welt entfliehend unter träume sezte Des tempels saitenspiel und heilge zunge.
Ed. G. P. Landmann. Düsseldorf: Küpper vormals Georg Bondi, 1964. George, Stefan, and Ida Coblenz. Briefwechsel. Eds. Georg Peter Landmann and Elisabeth Höpker-Herberg. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1983. 22 JENS RIECKMANN Glöckner, Ernst. Begegnung mit Stefan George: Auszüge aus Briefen und Tagebüchern, 1913–1934. Ed. Friedrich Adam. Heidelberg: Lothar Stiehm, 1972. Hofmannsthal, Hugo von. Sämtliche Werke. Vol. 31. Ed. Ellen Ritter. : S. Fischer, 1991. Hofmannsthal, Hugo von, und Rudolf Pannwitz. Briefwechsel 1907–1926.
Stefan George und sein Kreis. 2nd ed. Hamburg: Hauswedell, 1976. Lukács, Georg. Die Zerstörung der Vernunft. 1 Irrationalismus zwischen den Revolutionen. Darmsatdt/Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1983. Matt, Peter von. “Der geliebte Doppelgänger. ” Das Schicksal der Phantasie: Studien zur deutschen Literatur. Munich/Vienna: Carl Hanser, 1994. 257–76. Mettler, Dieter. Stefan Georges Publikationspolitik: Buchkonzeption und verlegerisches Engagement. Munich/New York/London/Paris: Saur, 1979. Norton, Robert E.