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By John H. Hann

While Spanish and French explorers first landed in Florida early within the sixteenth century, Timucua audio system occupied extra land sector and have been extra a number of than the other aboriginal workforce. this can be their first certain background, an incredible examine that areas its writer within the vanguard of Spanish colonial historians operating within the usa. The Timucua are the one local humans of Florida whose language survives in literature in adequate caliber and volume to allow major learn. counting on formerly unused records, this account of the Timucua strains their event from first touch with Europeans to their exile to Cuba in 1763 and their ultimate eradication. starting with the query in their quantity and their destinations in northern Florida and southern Georgia, John Hann examines the Timucua's contacts with a number of ecu teams, beginning with Ponce de Le?n's excursion. He encompasses a targeted presentation in their event lower than the challenge regimes, and covers such themes because the Europeans' descriptions of the folk, their language, tradition, and political constructions, the derivation in their language, and the meanings in their placenames and titles. He additionally resolves confusion over the level of the territory of a Timucua subgroup referred to as the Mocama, and discusses different Florida local peoples who moved into Timucua territory as refugees in the course of the first half the 18th century.

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Extra resources for A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series)

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The Acuera name was associated in 1616 with a mission named Avino (Oré 1936:126). Swanton (1922:323) mentioned a village named Tucuru in association with Avino, locating both of them 40 leagues inland, or four days' journey from St. Augustine. Nothing is known about the identity of the people who spoke the Agua Salada dialect that Pareja mentioned. " Based on the two lexical forms from the Saltwater dialect that Pareja recorded and the ones that Pareja cited for other dialects, Granberry concluded that the Agua Salada dialect was more closely aligned with the western dialects of Potano and Timucua than with Mocama.

1697]; Torres y Ayala 1697). Two other groups generally identified today as Timucua-speakers are believed by most authorities to have lived isolated from the rest. They place one, the Ocone, in Georgia's Oconee Valley and the other, the Tawasa, in northern Alabama (Deagan 1978:9091; Granberry 1989:2930; Hann 1986a:382; Milanich and Fairbanks 1980:216). The Ocone in question are definitely Timucua-speakers, but their identification as an isolate is questionable as it is seemingly based on nothing more than their name's resemblance to that of the Hitchiti-speaking Ocone, for whom the river is probably named.

Acuera or Diminiyuti or Ibiniyuti5. Yufera The Ocone probably should be included as a tenth eastern tribe. When first mentioned in 1602, they lived a three-day journey from the mouth of the St. Johns River and two days from San Pedro on Cumberland Island, probably on the eastern edge of the Okefenokee Swamp (Worth 1992a:15657). At least some of the natives aggregated at a place called Lake of Ocone in the 1640s were fugitives from villages of the province of Utina and of other places. San Pedro may have been one of the other places.

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