By Candice Lewis Bredbenner
In 1907, the government declared that any American lady marrying a foreigner needed to suppose the nationality of her husband, and thereby denationalized millions of yank ladies. This hugely unique examine follows the dramatic adaptations in women's nationality rights, citizenship legislations, and immigration coverage within the usa throughout the overdue revolutionary and interwar years, putting the heritage and effect of "derivative citizenship" in the wide context of the women's suffrage move. Making outstanding use of basic resources, and using unique files from many prime women's reform corporations, executive enterprises, Congressional hearings, and federal litigation related to women's naturalization and expatriation, Candice Bredbenner presents a fresh modern feminist standpoint on key ancient, political, and felony debates on the subject of citizenship, nationality, political empowerment, and their implications for women's criminal prestige within the usa. This attention-grabbing and well-constructed account contributes profoundly to a massive yet little-understood point of the women's rights move in twentieth-century the US.
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Extra info for A Nationality of Her Own: Women, Marriage, and the Law of Citizenship
Congress did not engage in a struggle with woman's rights groups over marital expatriation before the passage of the 1907 statute. In fact, virtually no substantive public debate about this took place prior to its imposition. The nationality commission submitted its findings and recommendations, and in less than a year the country had a new law declaring that marriage to an alien man was an act of expatriation. v...  "Says Our Women Influence Europe. Rev. Dr. MacArthur Talks on Good and Bad Features of International Marriages," New York Times, 20 Jan.
The bill was known as the Rankin-Sheppard bill in Congress. Crystal Eastman, who was about to marry an Englishman, had urged Rankin to present the proposal in the House. See "Cupid Championed by Miss Rankin in Talk to Congress," Washington Times , 8 Dec. 1917, and "Miss Rankin Urges Repatriation for American Women," New York Herald , 14 Dec. 1917. S. entry into World War I in 1917. ― 71 ― gress that was calling on all citizens to demonstrate the full measure of their loyalty had little patience with sympathetic pleas on behalf of women suspected of forsaking their citizenship for a foreign husband.
The National Women's Trade Union League did support the bill, although no representative from that organization appeared at the hearing. "The Woman Citizen," Life and Labor 9 (May 1919): 115. It should also be noted that the National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage was a member of the National Council of Women until the Council announced its support of the Rankin bill. "Women Miffed at Suff Bill Quit Council," Washington Herald , 27 Dec. 1917; "Quits Women's Council," New York Times , 28 Dec.