By Meredith Tax
In war-torn northern Syria, a democratic societybased on secularism, ethnic inclusiveness, and gender equalityhas gained major victories opposed to the Islamic country, or Daesh, with ladies at the entrance strains as fierce warriors and leaders.
A street Unforeseen recounts the dramatic, underreported historical past of the Rojava Kurds, whose all-women defense force was once instrumental within the perilous mountaintop rescue of tens of millions of civilians besieged in Iraq. as much as that time, the Islamic kingdom had appeared invincible. but those girls helped vanquish them, bringing the 1st 1/2 the refugees to safeguard inside twenty-four hours.
Who are the innovative ladies of Rojava and what classes do we study from their heroic tale? How does their political philosophy fluctuate from that of Iraqi Kurdistan, the Islamic nation, and Turkey? and should the politics of the twenty-first century be formed through the competition among those political models?
Meredith Tax is a author and political activist. writer, such a lot lately, of Double Bind: The Muslim correct, the Anglo-American Left, and common Human Rights, she was once founding president of Women’s global, a world loose speech community of feminist writers, and cofounder of the PEN American Center’s Women’s Committee and the foreign PEN ladies Writers’ Committee. She is at present foreign board chair of the Centre for Secular area and lives in New York.
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Extra resources for A Road Unforeseen: Women Fight the Islamic State
Whatever lies ahead, they have shown the world new ways to dream about democracy, equality, and living together. Cars abandoned on the Yazidi flight up Sinjar Mountain in August 2014. CHAPTER 1 The Kurds IN 1976, A DUTCH ANTHROPOLOGY STUDENT named Martin van Bruinessen went to Kurdistan to do field work, and described its geography in his thesis: “The heart of Kurdistan consists of forbidding mountains that have always deterred invading armies and provided a refuge to the persecuted and to bandits.
18 Still, decades after the adoption of the UDHR, forced and child marriages remained common in many parts of the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia, while domestic violence was still epidemic throughout the world. For this reason, a global coalition of feminists mobilized for the 1993 UN Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, organizing a special Tribunal on Violence Against Women, which they saw as a human rights violation. Forcing violence against women onto the agenda of the UN Conference, they persuaded participants to redefine rape, formerly considered a minor and inevitable part of conflict, as a war crime.
Kobane 10: War and Peace in Turkey Coda: Some Questions Remain Notes Suggestions for Further Reading Acknowledgments Index Glossary of Organizational Names GEOGRAPHY OF KURDISTAN Iran = East Kurdistan/Rojhilat Iraq = South Kurdistan/Bashur Syria = West Kurdistan/Rojava Turkey = North Kurdistan/Bakur IRAQI KURDISH PARTIES KRG: Kurdistan Regional Government (coalition) KDP: Kurdistan Democratic Party, led by Masoud Barzani PUK: Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, led by Jalal Talabani Gorran (Movement for Change): third party breakaway from PUK in 2009 THE KURDISH LIBERATION MOVEMENT (PKK) NETWORK KCK: Association of Communities in Kurdistan KJK: Kurdistan Women’s Liberation Movement PJAK: Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan (Iran) YRK-HPJ: Eastern Kurdistan Protection Units and Women’s Protection Units PYD: Democratic Union Party (Syria) YPG-YPJ: People’s Protection Units and Women’s Protection Units (Syria) TEV-DEM (multi-party civil society coalition) PKK: Kurdistan Workers Party (Turkey) TAJK: Free Women’s Movement of Kurdistan HPG-YJA-Star: People’s Defense Forces and Free Women’s Forces YDG-H and YDG-K: Patriotic Revolutionary Youth Movement and Union of Patriotic Revolutionary Young Women DTK: Democratic Society Congress (multi-party civil society coalition) GENEALOGY OF KURDISH PARLIAMENTARY PARTIES IN TURKEY HEP 1990–1993 DEP 1993–1994 HADEP 1994–2003 DEHAP 2003–2006, merged with another Kurdish party to form the DTP DTP Democratic Society Party 2006–2009 BDP Successor party to DTP 2008–2014, merged with HDP HDP Kurdish and Gezi feminist-LGBT-Left Party, 2014–present AL QAEDA AND DAESH Al Qaeda in Iraq (IQI) is founded 2002 Changes name to Islamic State in Iraq (ISI) 2006 Sends infiltrators into Syria 2011 who found Jabhat al-Nusra ISI announces merger with Jabhat al-Nusra 2013 under a name translated either as ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria/Iraq and al-Sham) or ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) Jabhat al-Nusra refuses to merge so al Qaeda and ISIS split 2013 ISIS declares itself a caliphate under the name Islamic State (IS) 2014 Daesh is the Arabic name for Islamic State, used by its opponents Didar, a soldier with the Women’s Protection Units (YPJ).