By Dorothy McBride Stetson
Containing the result of a cross-national examine venture on abortion politics in 11 democratic states (between the Sixties and 2000), this quantity marks significant growth in abortion study. It develops a accomplished learn layout to envision even if women's coverage corporations (institutional teams meant to enhance the prestige of ladies) have functioned as worthy and powerful allies of women's hobbies. It explores their efforts to achieve entry to strength arenas and safe abortion legislation that coincide with feminist targets. certainly, those findings represent a rigorous program of comparative method to evaluate reasons from social flow and democratic conception concerning adaptations in kingdom feminism and flow good fortune.
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Extra info for Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism (Gender and Politics Series)
There is no access for outside actors to the official decisionmaking bodies or their regular meetings. Only women who were delegated by the women's organization or other peripheral organizations were able to participate in decision-making. Thus, what we have is a policy sub-system closed to direct participation by outside autonomous women's movement organizations. They gained access by means of an insider women's policy agency, however, and movement goals were incorporated into policy content. * DEBATE 2: THE PEOPLE'S INITIATIVE, 1975-1978 * How debate came to the public agenda Almost immediately after the Social Democratic majority in Parliament decided to legalize abortion within the first trimester of pregnancy, the countermovement's umbrella organization Aktion Leben moved to reopen the debate.
The older wing of the movement was more reform-oriented, emphasizing rights and legal change. It operated within the decision-making process through the Austrian Social Democratic Party. Both wings were close to the political left, favouring an extension of welfare-state policies. And, despite differences in strategy, both wings are linked together and, in a way, in constant need of each other. In Austria there is a rather weak tradition of private sponsorship; and feminist projects are financed mainly by public authorities such as government, federal States, and communities.
Finally, a sub-committee in Parliament was established to discuss the legitimacy of the demands of the public referendum. As in Debate i, Social Democratic female MPs were actively involved in this process. The sub-committee came up with a final report reflecting the opinions of the various political parties represented. This report, however, lacked a common recommendation, leaving the final decision to the Parliament, specifically the National Council, where the Social Democrats had control over the majority of MPs.