By Matthew Basso
In around the nice Divide, a few of our top historians glance to either the background of masculinity within the West and to the ways in which this event has been represented in video clips, renowned tune, dimestore novels, and folklore.
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Extra resources for Across the Great Divide: Cultures of Manhood in the American West
Francisco asked Catharina to remove the rosary and medals she wore around her neck and he placed them in her partes vergonzozas (shameful parts). Catharina had never confessed this deshonor (dishonor) because she feared reprisals from Francisco. He had told her their acts were not a sin, and if she confessed them he would have her exiled from New Mexico. Fearing him, Catharina never complained until the day she thought eternity was at hand.! Ninety years later, Don Francisco Armijo arrived at the Albuquerque home of his mother-in-law, Dona Marfa Antonia Duran, in a very agitated mood at about nine in the evening of March 12, 1 8 1 6.
In 1 606, Gaspar Reyes found himself sick and destitute. Hoping to secure char ity from the local Franciscan friars, he begged for food at their residence. A certain Fray Pedro took him in and fed him lavishly with a meal that even included wine. When Gaspar was finished eating, the friar "stuck his hand in my pants, took my virile member and wriggled it . . " The priest then took Gaspar to his cell, where he tried to use Gaspar's posterior for a nefarious end. To be buggered was a symbolic sign of defeat equated with femininity; to bugger was an assertion of dominance and masculinity.
Alameda's constable, Don Cleto de Miera, understood this when in 1 805 he wrote to Governor Real Alencaster relating the details of the seduction of his daughter Marfa de las Nievas Miera y Pacheco by Josef Trujillo. Don Cleto protested that Josef "denigrates my person by the mere act of saying, [as he has] repeated on two occasions, that my daughter has become pregnant because of her unruly habits. " Several persons urged Josef to marry Marfa, but he refused. When Marfa bore his child, the parish priest summoned Josef so that the illegitimacy could be resolved prudently.