By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink
Regardless of 250 years of land reform around the globe, vital land inequalities stay, specifically in Latin the USA and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the want for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round the right way to redistribute land peacefully and legally, usually blockading development on implementation. This booklet specializes in the 'how' of land redistribution so one can forge higher consensus between land reform practitioners and allow them to make larger offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
2. In Zimbabwe between 1965 and 1970, the colonial government carried out what may be considered the final land redistribution in favor of the white settlers. Still, like Namibia, Zimbabwe has opted not to include a restitution path in its land reform program. These differences may result from the fact that many of the anti-apartheid civil society groups and freedom fighters in South Africa had been deeply involved in litigation against forced resettlements and cared deeply about the people who had been removed.
Representative to the United Nations Economic and Social Council (1950–53), when he introduced a resolution that would make land reform a global economic program of the United Nations: “A nation of insecure tenants and rootless laborers, who see little hope to better their lot, is an unstable society, subject to sporadic violence and easily persuaded to follow false leaders” (Lissner 1951, p. 53). The end of colonialism triggered significant redistributions of land in the Middle East and North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Syria, and Tunisia).
Chapter 10 argues that by the end of 2003, Cedula da Terra (the marketassisted, community-driven program) had acquired land and settled 15,200 beneficiaries for about $3,000 per family. That amount rose to $3,600 in 2006 under its successor, the Crédito Fundiário program. However, when land is expropriated or acquired through state-led negotiations, the average cost per family reaches $16,622. Those data have led to a tense discussion (not yet resolved) about the merits of beneficiaries directly acquiring land on the market.