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By A S Ramadhas

Fuels and developments, A.S. RamadhasVegetable Oils, A.S. Ramadhas, Chandrasekaran Muraleedharan, and Simon JayarajBiodiesel, A.S. Ramadhas, Simon Jayaraj, and Chandrasekaran MuraleedharanMethanol, Mustafa Canakci and Oguzhan IlgenEthanol, Alan C. Hansen, Carroll E. Goering, and A.S. RamadhasDimethyl Ether, Spencer C. SorensonLiquefied Petroleum fuel, Mohamed Younes El-Saghir SelimCompressed normal fuel, Gattamaneni Read more...

summary: Fuels and developments, A.S. RamadhasVegetable Oils, A.S. Ramadhas, Chandrasekaran Muraleedharan, and Simon JayarajBiodiesel, A.S. Ramadhas, Simon Jayaraj, and Chandrasekaran MuraleedharanMethanol, Mustafa Canakci and Oguzhan IlgenEthanol, Alan C. Hansen, Carroll E. Goering, and A.S. RamadhasDimethyl Ether, Spencer C. SorensonLiquefied Petroleum fuel, Mohamed Younes El-Saghir SelimCompressed traditional gasoline, Gattamaneni Lakshmi Narayana Rao and A.S. RamadhasHydrogen, Fernando Ortenzi, Giovanni Pede, and A.S. RamadhasElectric cars, Nallusamy Nallusamy, Paramasivam Sakthivel, Abhijeet Chausalkar, and A

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Alternative Fuels for Transportation

Fuels and traits, A. S. RamadhasVegetable Oils, A. S. Ramadhas, Chandrasekaran Muraleedharan, and Simon JayarajBiodiesel, A. S. Ramadhas, Simon Jayaraj, and Chandrasekaran MuraleedharanMethanol, Mustafa Canakci and Oguzhan IlgenEthanol, Alan C. Hansen, Carroll E. Goering, and A. S. RamadhasDimethyl Ether, Spencer C.

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The research on alternative fuels for its use in commercial vehicles is at peak in this scenario. Automotive manufacturers, oil industry, and academic institutions are doing research on production and storage of alternative fuels as well as to reduce the exhaust emissions of vehicles and increase the percentage of alternative fuels in petroleum fuel. However, the success of alternative fuels depends upon government polices and cost of the fuel. 3 0 621,394 411 1,056 3,379 4,435 3,997 5,504 6,215 9,501 600,832 2000 0 603,171 393 633 2,568 3,201 5,506 5,615 6,682 11,121 581,774 2001 2 861,264 147 532 1,135 1,667 5,397 3,591 15,484 8,988 834,976 2002 6 880,006 111 287 1,824 2,111 3,397 2,725 12,395 6,122 859,261 2003 31 686,947 136 164 1,986 2,150 4,398 3,354 2,200 7,752 674,678 2004 74 750,375 68 241 459 700 2,276 1,028 2,281 3,304 743,948 2005 40 1,017,847 92 277 196 473 2,066 1,062 2,715 3,128 1,011,399 2006 153 6,103,335 1,778 8,988 17,324 26,312 36,071 37,491 51,773 73,562 5,949,757 Total 18 Alternative Fuels for Transportation Fuels and Trends 19 References Agarwal, A.

Hansen, and C. E. Goering. 1989. Quantifying diesel injector coking with computer vision. ASAE 32:1503–6. Sapaun, S. , H. H. Masjuki, and A. Azlan. 1996. The use of palm oil as diesel fuel substitute. Journal of Power Energy 210:47–53. Tadashi, Y. 1984. Low carbon build up, low smoke and efficient diesel operation with vegetable oil by conversion to monoesters and blending with diesel oil or alcohols. SAE 841161. Wang, Y. , T. A. Shemmeri, P. Eames, J. McMullan, N. Hewitt, and Y. Huang. 2006. An experimental investigation of the performance and gaseous exhaust emission of a diesel engine using blends of a vegetable oil.

Hence, HEV is gaining acceptance and is overcoming some of the problems of pure electric vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles combine the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of an electric vehicle 16 Alternative Fuels for Transportation resulting in better fuel economy. The power of the hybrid vehicle’s internal combustion engine generally ranges from 1/10th to 1/4th of the conventional automobile. In a HEV, when the driver applies the brakes, the motor becomes a generator, using the kinetic energy of the vehicle to generate electricity that can be stored in the battery for later use.

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