By David E. Stannard
For 400 years-from the 1st Spanish attacks opposed to the Arawak humans of Hispaniola within the 1490s to the U.S. Army's bloodbath of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee within the 1890s—the indigenous population of North and South the USA persisted an never-ending firestorm of violence. in the course of that point the local inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere declined by means of as many as a hundred million humans. certainly, as historian David E. Stannard argues during this attractive new e-book, the ecu and white American destruction of the local peoples of the Americas was once the main great act of genocide within the background of the world.
Stannard starts with a portrait of the big richness and variety of existence within the Americas ahead of Columbus's fateful voyage in 1492. He then follows the trail of genocide from the Indies to Mexico and critical and South the US, then north to Florida, Virginia, and New England, and at last out around the nice Plains and Southwest to California and the North Pacific Coast. Stannard unearths that anyplace Europeans or white american citizens went, the local humans have been stuck among imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, in general leading to the annihilation of ninety five percentage in their populations. what sort of humans, he asks, do such horrendous issues to others? His hugely provocative solution: Christians. Digging deeply into historic ecu and Christian attitudes towards intercourse, race, and battle, he unearths the cultural flooring organized by means of the top of the center a while for the centuries-long genocide crusade that Europeans and their descendants launched-and in locations proceed to wage-against the recent World's unique population. Advancing a thesis that's bound to create a lot controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the yank Holocaust drew at the comparable ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust.
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Additional resources for American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World
Chaco Canyon is near the middle of the San Juan Basin, and here, more than a thousand years ago, there existed the metropolitan hub of hundreds of villages and at least nine large towns constructed around enormous multi-storied build ing complexes. Pueblo Bonito is an example of one of these: a single, four story building with large high-ceilinged rooms and balconies, it contained 800 rooms, including private residences for more than 1200 people and dozens of circular common rooms up to 60 feet in diameter.
It was an apt comparison, not only because the jewelry and pottery from this area is distinctly similar in many respects to that of Mesoamerica and the Andes, but because large and dense city-like settle ments, built in stockade fashion and surrounded by intensely cultivated agricultural plantations were common here, as were state and quasi-state organizations in the political realm. Major cultural centers here include those of the Caddo peoples, the Hasinai, the Bidai, the Atakapa, the Tun ica, the Chickasaw, the Tuskegee, the Natchez, the Houma, the Chocktaw, the Creek, the Tohome, the Pensacola, the Apalachee, the Seminole, the Yamasee, the Cusabo, the Waccamaw, the Catawba, the Woccon-and again, as in other regions, many more.
They were superb basket-makers, carpenters, potters, weavers, tanners, and fishermen. 27 The Calusa, in fact, are especially intriguing in that they defy conven tional rules of political anthropology by having been a complex of hunt ing, fishing, and gathering societies that also were sedentary and highly stratified, with politically powerful and centralized governments. Para mount chiefs, who commanded standing armies of warriors who had no other work obligations, ruled directly over dozens of towns in their dis tricts, while controlling dozens more through systems of tribute.