By Katharina Fricke (auth.)
Located in a slim grassland hall among the semi-desert and a mountain diversity in Northwest China, the study quarter Urumqi zone is regardless of its semi-arid weather in a comparatively beneficial hydrological scenario. The within reach mountains supply water for settlements and agriculture, making human improvement attainable within the first position. end result of the improvement of agriculture, inhabitants and financial system over the past sixty years and the expanding water intake, a requirement- and population-driven water shortage exists this present day and is predicted to worsen. even as, the consequences of weather switch and land use alterations at the hydrological approach and the water availability are doubtful. This examine evaluates the hot and destiny scenario via combining a hydrological water stability version for the simulation of the water offer in keeping with situations of weather and land use swap with a socio-economic version for projecting the longer term water call for together with anticipated development of inhabitants and economy.
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Additional info for Analysis and Modelling of Water Supply and Demand Under Climate Change, Land Use Transformation and Socio-Economic Development: The Water Resource Challenge and Adaptation Measures for Urumqi Region, Northwest China
10 Hydrological system, future changes and consequences for Urumqi and its surroundings, E Evaporation, ET Evapotranspiration, + Increase in the future, - Decrease in the future (Source )  such as serious water pollution of the middle and small rivers and underground water nearby cities, increase of heavy metal contents and chemical fertilizers possibly leading to eutrophication, overextraction of groundwater, and declination of groundwater table can also be observed in Urumqi. Especially the users downstream of the main pollution area, the Urumqi City Centre, suffer from the decreasing groundwater quality.
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